Before partition of disk, we have to know “What is disk partition ?” Disk partition is a process of dividing one drive into 2 or more. It should be done for managing your data as how you want. Partitions enable users to divide a physical disk into logical section. Disk partition transfer drive space into another drive. for example as you can see while buying a new pc there is only one drive which can be used, named as Local Disk (C). It is your default disk where you can manage/save your data. After partition it turn into another drive like New Volume (E:) or (F:). where you can save your data. Before disk partition you have to know types of partition. There are dozen of different partition type. Below you can learn types of disk partition with a brief description. Some types of partitions may not be available in your partition utility.
Types of partition of Disk.
|Types of Partitions.||Description|
|AIX partition (boot)||A partition used with the AIX operatin System|
|Boot Partition||As defined by Microsoft, a boot partition is a partition that contains the files required for a system startup.|
|BSD/OS partition (openBSD)||A partition used with the BSD operating system|
|DOS (12-bit, 16-bit) partition||A partition used with older versions of MS-DOS|
|DOS extented partition||A partition used with the DR. DOS operating system.|
|DRDOS (hHidden secured)||A partition used with DR. DOS operating system.|
|Extended partitio||A partition that is extended from one or more of the primary partitions.|
|Hibernation partition||A partition used with older hibernation programs.|
|HPFS partition (OS/2 IFS)||A partition used with IBM OS/2 and Microsoft NT 3.x|
|Linux (Linux native, Linux swap, Linux extended, ext2fs)||A partition used with various variants of the Linux operating systems.|
|Minix||A partition used with the MINIX operating systems.|
|NON-DOS partition||When using Microsoft fdink, a NON-DOS partition indicates a partition that is not native to the Microsoft operating system. for example, this could be a Linux partition.|
|NEC DOS||A partiton used with the old NEC Dos variant.|
|NEXTSTEP||A partition used with the NEXtSTEP operating system.|
|Novell Netware||A partition used with the Novell Netware operating system|
|NTFS||A partition used with Microsoft Windows NT 4.X, Windows 2000 and Windows XP.|
|Partition Magic (PowerQuest)||A partition created by the PC ARMOUR security utility by PowerQuest.|
|PC-ARMOUR||A partition created by the PC ARMOUR security utitlity. When created this partition is commonly protected by a password.|
|Primary||In a Microsoft operating system, the Primary Partition refers to the main or first partition used for the Microsoft operating system.|
|Solaris X86||A partition used with the Sun Solaris X86 platform operating system.|
|System partition||As defined by Microsoft, a system partition is a partition that contains the system32 directory. Also see; boot partition.|
|Tandy Dos||A partition used with the old Tandy DOS variant.|
|Unix System V (SCO, IRIX, ISC, Unix, Unixware, etc)||A partition used with the old Tandy DOS variant.|
|VMware (VMware Swap)||A partition used by VMware|
|XENIX (XENIX/usr)||A partition used with the Xenix operating system|
How To Make Partition of Disk.
In the above section we learned the types of disk partition, now we learn steps for partition of Disk in Windows OS with few or simple method.
- Press the Windows Key, type Disk Management, and then press Enter. After that, on Disk Management page you should see all of disks and their partitions on your computer.
- In the above picture, there is 1 disk with tree partition. The next step is that choose drive which you want to make partition and right click and than choose ‘Shrink Volume’ option as shown in the picture below. (If you have new PC, select drive (C:) means I recommended to select the drive which have large space to shrink or partition.)
- You can see I have choosen drive (E);. You can choose any drive which you want to shrink. After that you have to choose the amount of space to shrink in MB. ( 1024KB = 1MB, 1024MB = 1GB)
- By the picture you can see I have choosen 1024MB means 1GB. After putting the amount of space to shrink, click on shrink.
- Now can see there is New drive with 1GB space which is unallocated. Right click on unallocated drive and select ‘New Simple Volume’. After that new windows open and you have to just click on ‘Next’ and ‘Next’.
- Now choose the drive letter and click on ‘Next’. After it, in next step, by default there is choosen an option ‘Format this volume with the following settings;’ don’t change is and in the ‘volume label’ section, write the name of new drive and click next. as shown in the picture below.
- The next and last step is to click on finish. After some time your new drive is ready to use as shown in picture.
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